Seminarreihe des Arbeitsbereichs Ökonomie am IOS
Zeit: Dienstag, 13.30–15.00 Uhr
Ort: Leibniz-Institut für Ost-und Südosteuropaforschung (IOS); vorerst online via Zoom, Link wird mit den Einladungen verschickt!
Forschungslabor: „Geschichte und Sozialanthropologie Südost‐ und Osteuropas“
Zeit: Donnerstag, 14–16 Uhr (Lehrstuhl) oder 16–18 Uhr (Graduiertenschule und Leibniz-WissenschaftsCampus)
Ort: WiOS, Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 017)
The Debate on Progress, Social Order and Economy and the Rise of New Inequalities in Central Asia, 1970-90s
Researcher: Dr. Irina Morozova
For the wide sections of the population in Soviet Central Asia and Mongolia, which had lived through the socio-economic stabilisation of the 1960-70s, the perestroika reform of the second part of the 1980 unexpectedly resulted in a systemic change, - dismantling of socialism and the USSR’s and SMEA’s disintegration. The introduction and implementation of market reforms and public debates on social inequalities uncovered the sharp rivalry for the socialist state resources at the end 1980s-beginning 1990s. The history of these processes, not written so far, shall not only explain the similarities and variations in present development trajectories of such different states as a regional economic ‘leader’ Kazakhstan and a ‘weaker’, known for its revolutionary scenarios of power transition Kyrgyzstan, but also shall highlight the patterns of socio-economic transition internationally. The comparison with the de-jure independent and more successful in ‘democracy-building’ in post-socialist states such as Mongolia (which nevertheless experienced unprecedented social erosion and polarisation) highlights complex historical contexts and makes the study relevant to the questions on development of social systems and sustainability of structures and concepts of nation-state.
The research peruses comparison of the stages and pace of realisation of economic reforms in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Mongolia since their conceptual framing within the USSR and socialist world in the mid-1970s, the first experiments with introduction of market elements within the socialist system in 1987 and through launching full-scale market reforms and their further implementation in the 1990s. The project studies the concepts of economic progress, social order and inequalities as they were translated in the media and discussed among the population. The key question is: how the development of the public debate on economic progress, social system and inequalities resulted from, paralleled to and preceded these reforms. The comparative component helps to reflect upon the chosen terms and concepts. The research is largely based on the established database of written and oral original sources (see hpica.pz.nl). The economic history study is pursued at various levels, as it investigates the privatisation of large state-owned enterprises, on the one hand, and analyses the economic history of everyday life, on the other.
The project shall have an impact upon research collectives and scholars engaged in studying economic history and social production of the concepts on (economic) progress and social inequality.