Seminarreihe des Arbeitsbereichs Ökonomie am IOS
Zeit: Dienstag, 13.30–15.00 Uhr
Ort: Leibniz-Institut für Ost-und Südosteuropaforschung (IOS); vorerst online via Zoom, Link wird mit den Einladungen verschickt!
Forschungslabor: „Geschichte und Sozialanthropologie Südost‐ und Osteuropas“
Zeit: Donnerstag, 14–16 Uhr (Lehrstuhl) oder 16–18 Uhr (Graduiertenschule und Leibniz-WissenschaftsCampus)
Ort: WiOS, Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 017)
Labor market trends in the new EU member states: is there job polarization and how can it be explained?
Researchers: Ekaterina SELEZNEVA, Zvezda DERMENDZHIEVA
The political and economic changes in the countries that recently joined the European Union (EU) have brought about significant changes in the labor market structure in those countries as well. Rise in temporary work contracts in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) and relatively lower occupational status of temporary employees, for example, have been recorded and studied in Baranowska and Gebel (2008). The changing occupational and wage distribution in CEE calls for understanding the degree of convergence of labor market trends between old and new EU member states. An important trend is labor market polarization, or the raise in the share of occupations in the lower and higher earnings distribution at the expense of the share of occupations that fall in the middle of the wage distribution. Job polarization trends have been extensively studied for the US (see, for example, Autor, Katz, and Kearney 2006; Goos, Manning, and Salomons 2006) and similar trends have recently been recorded for a number of Western European countries (Goos, Manning, and Salomons 2009, among others). Analysis of the extent of job polarization in the context of the new EU member states, however, has not been conducted. Such analysis can bring important insights into the academic debate and policy oriented research on labor markets in the countries that recently joined the EU. Without such analysis for the new EU members it would be difficult to draw conclusions on the pervasiveness of job polarization across the EU area.
The proposed working paper will:
- Record recent changes in employment structure and establish evidence of how spread job polarization is in the new EU member states
- Establish the factors behind job polarization in the new EU members distinguishing between technological progress, offshoring, and labor market institutions
- Draw conclusions regarding which factors prevail in driving job polarization in the new EU member states